Hydraulic systems are basically transmission systems that use hydraulic fluids under pressure to power machinery. The concept behind hydraulic systems is that, an incompressible fluid is used to exert force at a specific point; this force is multiplied and transmitted to another point. This memo presents a lab report analysis on the working of a simple hydraulic system.
The memo addresses various fundamentals related to working of the hydraulic system such as the hydraulic head, energy grade line, water density, hydrostatics, hydrodynamics, Unit Weight of Water the Hydraulic Grade Line, the role of energy and pressure in hydraulics, the sources of energy in hydraulics and the role of incompressibility of water.
These concepts are explored in both technical and non-technical terms and a description is presented why these fundamentals are important for hydraulic design, analysis and/or applications. The analysis will be restricted to functions of the above fundamentals in a simple hydraulic system.